Cody Bunch Some Random IT Guy - OpenStack, DevOps, Cloud, Things

Fixing cgroup memory on Raspbian Buster for Kernel 5.4.x

After running sudo apt -y full-upgrade my Raspberry Pi k3s cluster got upgrade from 4.x kernels to 5.x. Which turbo-broke k3s.

The Frror

After rebooting into the new kernel and k3s not working, I found the following error in both /var/log/syslog/ and journalctl -xeu k3s (or for the worker nodes journalctl -xeu k3s-agent)

level=fatal msg="failed to find memory cgroup, you may need to add \"cgroup_memory=1 cgroup_enable=memory\" to your linux cmdline (/boot/cmdline.txt on a Raspberry 

However, those values were totally in /boot/cmdline.txt:

$ cat /boot/cmdline.txt
console=serial0,115200 console=tty1 root=PARTUUID=dd5ac5d2-02 rootfstype=ext4 elevator=deadline rootwait cgroup_enable=1 cgroup_memory=1 swapaccount=1 cgroup_enable=memory dwc_otg.lpm_enable=0 

What could it be then?

The Fix

This fix, of course, is to update the firmware on the pi via rpi-update

At the time of this writing, the fix was released 4 days ago according to this Github issue.

While you can run rpi-update by itself and answer its warning prompt, that can get tedious for more than one or two nodes. Since I was upgrading nine nodes, something more robust was needed. Something like the following command:


Or for those using Ansible to manage their fleet:

ansible -i swarm.yml nodes --become -m shell -a 'sudo PRUNE_MODULES=1 RPI_REBOOT=1 SKIP_WARNING=1 rpi-update'

Note: You should probably do at least one node the manual way to ensure the update works. The commands shown here can… accelerate your journey to serverless.